What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files sent from a web site and stored on the user’s computer by the user’s web browser while the user is browsing. When the user accesses the web again, cookies are sent back to the same web sites for user browsing activity recording. Third-party cookies are instead placed on a user’s hard disk by a web site from a domain other than the one a user is visiting.
Third-party cookies are used because web sites contain different elements (e.g. images, maps, sound tracks, specific links to other web pages in other domains) residing on servers other than the one accessed.
Types of Cookies
Technical cookies: Technical cookies are used for the only purpose of "forwarding communication over an electronic communication network, or forwarding it to the strictly limited extent necessary for a IT service provider to deliver any service explicitly requested by a subscriber or user" (see Article 122, par. 1, of the Code).
Technical cookies are not used for any other purposes and are normally set directly by the web site administrator. Technical cookies include: surfing and session cookies, whose purpose is to guarantee easy surfing and use of the web site; analytics cookies, included in the same category of the technical cookies, are directly set by the web site administrator to obtain aggregate information about the number of users and how they visit the web site; functionality cookies enhance the use of the web site by facilitating user navigation according to a series of selected criteria.
Profiling Cookies: Profiling cookies are used to create user profiles based on personal choices and preferences, in order to send adverts in line with the profile created.
Given that profiling cookies enter user private spheres, the EU and Italian regulations establish that users must be adequately informed on the use of profiling cookies and provide their explicit consent.
Article 122 of the Code reads: "The storage of information in the user’s browser or the access to already stored information are possible on the only condition that the user has provided his/her consent after having received information in a simplified form as per Article 13, par. 3” (Article 122, par. 1, of the Code).
Third-Party Cookies: Visiting this web site you may receive cookies from web sites of other domains ("third parties"). An example is the availability of "social plugins" for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn or embedded multimedia content like Youtube and Flikr.
Third-party cookies are strings directly generated by these web sites and built in the page of the hosting web site. Plugins transfer cookies from and to all third-party managed web sites. The processing of data collected by third parties through the use of third-party cookies is regulated by the relevant policies to which reference should be made. To ensure greater transparency and easy use, below are the links to the different cookie management policies.
This web site uses an analytics tool to track user access for the purpose of monitoring and improving performance. Therefore, cookies are used, both permanent and non, in order to collect statistics and information about unique users.
Cookies, defined as “Unique Visitor Cookies”, contain an alphanumeric code that identifies navigation computers, but without any collection of personal data.
The site also includes components transmitted by Google Analytics, a web traffic analysis service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). These cookies are used for the sole purpose of monitoring and improving site performance. For more information, please refer to the link below: http://www.google.it/policies/privacy/partners/
The user can selectively disable the action of Google Analytics by installing on his browser the opt-out component provided by Google. To disable the action of Google Analytics, please refer to the link below:
Duration of cookies
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active only until the browser is closed or when a logout command is executed. Other cookies “survive” when the browser is closed and are also available in subsequent visits by the user. These cookies are called persistent and their duration is set by the server when they are created. In some cases, a deadline is set, in other cases the duration is unlimited.
Management of Cookies
The user can decide whether or not to accept cookies using the settings of his browser. Attention: the total or partial disabling of technical cookies could compromise the optimal use of the site. The disabling of “third-party” cookies does not affect navigation in any way. The setting can be defined specifically for different web sites and web applications. In addition, browsers allow you to define different settings for “owner” and “third party” cookies.
As an example, in Firefox, by accessing the Tools-> Options-> Privacy menu, you can access a control window that enables you to accept the different types of cookies or remove them.
In the web, you can easily find documentation about how to set cookie management rules in your browser.
Below, are some links to the main browsers: